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Artificial Intelligence in brief !

The Artificial Intelligence tutorial provides an introduction to AI which will help you to understand the concepts behind Artificial Intelligence. In this tutorial, we have also discussed various popular topics such as the History of AI, applications of AI, deep learning, machine learning, natural language processing, Reinforcement learning, Q-learning, Intelligent agents, Various search algorithms, etc.

In computer science, artificial intelligence (AI), sometimes called machine intelligence, is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals. Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is used to describe machines that mimic "cognitive" functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as "learning" and "problem-solving".

Why Artificial Intelligence?
With the help of AI, you can create software or devices which can solve real-world problems very easily and with accuracy such as health issues, marketing, traffic issues, etc.
With the help of AI, you can create your personal virtual assistants, such as Cortana, Google Assistant, Siri, etc.
With the help of AI, you can build Robots that can work in an environment where the survival of humans can be at risk.
AI opens a path for other new technologies, new devices, and new opportunities.
Artificial intelligence can be classified into three different types of systems: analytical, human-inspired, and humanized artificial intelligence. Analytical AI has only characteristics consistent with cognitive intelligence; generating a cognitive representation of the world and using learning based on past experience to inform future decisions. Human-inspired AI has elements from cognitive and emotional intelligence; understanding human emotions, in addition to cognitive elements, and considering them in their decision making. Humanized AI shows characteristics of all types of competencies (i.e., cognitive, emotional, and social intelligence), is able to be self-conscious, and is self-aware in interactions with others.

Goals of Artificial Intelligence
Replicate human intelligence
Solve Knowledge-intensive tasks
An intelligent connection between perception and action
Creating some system that can exhibit intelligent behaviour, learn new things by itself, demonstrate, explain, and can advise its user.