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What is Angular ?

Angular is a JavaScript-based open-source front-end web framework mainly maintained by Google and by a community of individuals and corporations to address many of the challenges encountered in developing single-page applications. It aims to simplify both the development and the testing of such applications by providing a framework for client-side model–view–controller (MVC) and model–view–ViewModel (MVVM) architectures, along with components commonly used in rich Internet applications. (This flexibility has led to the acronym MVW, which stands for "model-view-whatever" and may also encompass model–view–presenter and model–view–adapter.) In 2014, the original Angular team began working on the Angular web framework.

The Angular framework works by first reading the Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) page, which has additional custom HTML attributes embedded into it.

Angular interprets those attributes as directives to bind input or output parts of the page to a model that is represented by standard JavaScript variables.

The values of those JavaScript variables can be manually set within the code, or retrieved from static or dynamic JSON resources.

Artificial Intelligence in brief !

The Artificial Intelligence tutorial provides an introduction to AI which will help you to understand the concepts behind Artificial Intelligence. In this tutorial, we have also discussed various popular topics such as the History of AI, applications of AI, deep learning, machine learning, natural language processing, Reinforcement learning, Q-learning, Intelligent agents, Various search algorithms, etc.

In computer science, artificial intelligence (AI), sometimes called machine intelligence, is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals. Colloquially, the term "artificial intelligence" is used to describe machines that mimic "cognitive" functions that humans associate with other human minds, such as "learning" and "problem-solving".

Why Artificial Intelligence?
With the help of AI, you can create software or devices which can solve real-world problems very easily and with accuracy such as health issues, marketing, traffic issues, etc.
With the help of AI, you can create your personal virtual assistants, such as Cortana, Google Assistant, Siri, etc.
With the help of AI, you can build Robots that can work in an environment where the survival of humans can be at risk.
AI opens a path for other new technologies, new devices, and new opportunities.
Artificial intelligence can be classified into three different types of systems: analytical, human-inspired, and humanized artificial intelligence. Analytical AI has only characteristics consistent with cognitive intelligence; generating a cognitive representation of the world and using learning based on past experience to inform future decisions. Human-inspired AI has elements from cognitive and emotional intelligence; understanding human emotions, in addition to cognitive elements, and considering them in their decision making. Humanized AI shows characteristics of all types of competencies (i.e., cognitive, emotional, and social intelligence), is able to be self-conscious, and is self-aware in interactions with others.

Goals of Artificial Intelligence
Replicate human intelligence
Solve Knowledge-intensive tasks
An intelligent connection between perception and action
Creating some system that can exhibit intelligent behaviour, learn new things by itself, demonstrate, explain, and can advise its user.

Introduction to Core

ASP.NET Core is the new version of the ASP.NET Web Framework mainly targeted to run on the .NET Core Platform.

ASP.NET Core is a free and open-source web framework, and higher performance than ASP.NET, developed by Microsoft and the community. It is a modular framework that runs on both the full .NET Framework, on Windows, and the cross-platform .NET Core. However, the expected version ASP.NET Core 3 was announced to work only on .NET Core dropping support of .NET Framework.

The framework is a complete rewrite that unites the previously separate ASP.NET MVC and ASP.NET Web API into a single programming model.

ASP.NET Core features
Cross-platform, open-source now runs your app over Linux, Windows, Mac;   i.e., wherever you want.
Fast Development- fast work over the Browsers.
Work in your editors - now you can work not only in Visual Studio. You can also choose Visual Studio code and if you
want to work on your command on the command prompt, then you can.
Despite being a new framework, built on a new web stack, it does have a high degree of concept compatibility with ASP.NET MVC. ASP.NET Core applications support side-by-side versioning in which different applications, running on the same machine, can target different versions of ASP.NET Core. This is not possible with previous versions of ASP.NET.

Introduction to JQuery

jQuery is a fast, small, and feature-rich JavaScript library. It makes things like HTML document traversal and manipulation, event handling, animation, and Ajax much simpler with an easy-to-use API that works across a multitude of browsers. With a combination of versatility and extensibility, jQuery has changed the way that millions of people write JavaScript.

jQuery's syntax is designed to make it easier to navigate a document, select DOM elements, create animations, handle events, and develop Ajax applications. jQuery also provides capabilities for developers to create plug-ins on top of the JavaScript library. This enables developers to create abstractions for low-level interaction and animation, advanced effects, and high-level, themeable widgets. The modular approach to the jQuery library allows the creation of powerful dynamic web pages and Web applications.

jQuery Features
HTML manipulation
DOM manipulation
DOM element selection
CSS manipulation
Effects and Animations
Why jQuery is required

It is very fast and extensible.
It facilitates the users to write UI-related function codes in minimum possible lines.
It improves the performance of an application.
Browser's compatible web applications can be developed.
It uses mostly new features of new browsers.

There are lots of other JavaScript libraries out there, but jQuery is probably the most popular, and also the most extendable.

What is MVC?

MVC stands for Model, View, and Controller. MVC separates an application into three components - Model, View, and Controller.

Model: The model represents the shape of the data and business logic. It maintains the data of the application. Model objects retrieve and store model states in a database.

View: View is a user interface. View display data using a model to the user and also enables them to modify the data.

Controller: The controller handles the user request. Typically, a user interacts with View, which in turn raises an appropriate URL request, this request will be handled by a controller. The controller renders the appropriate view with the model data as a response.

As per the above figure, when the user enters a URL in the browser, it goes to the server and calls an appropriate controller. Then, the Controller uses the appropriate View and Model and creates the response and sends it back to the user.

Diffrence between Asp.Net core and Asp.Net 4.x

Build for Windows, macOS, or LinuxBuild for Windows
Razor Pages is the recommended approach to create a Web UI as of ASP.NET Core 2. x. See also MVC, Web API, and SignalR.Use Web Forms, SignalR, MVC, Web API, WebHooks, or Web Pages
Multiple versions per machineOne version per machine
Develop with Visual Studio, Visual Studio for Mac, or Visual Studio Code using C# or F#Develop with Visual Studio using C#, VB, or F#
Higher performance than ASP.NET 4. xGood performance
Choose .NET Framework or .NET Core runtimeUse .NET Framework runtime

What is CSS? Advantages of using CSS.

Cascading Style Sheets fondly referred to as CSS, is a simple design language intended to simplify the process of making web pages presentable.

CSS handles the look and feel part of a web page. Using CSS, you can control the colour of the text, the style of fonts, the spacing between paragraphs, how columns are sized and laid out, what background images or colours are used, layout designs, variations in display for different devices, and screen sizes as well as a variety of other effects.

Advantages of CSS:
CSS saves time − You can write CSS once and then reuse the same sheet in multiple HTML pages. You can define a style for each HTML element and apply it to as many Web pages as you want.

Pages load faster − If you are using CSS, you do not need to write HTML tag attributes every time. Just write one CSS rule of a tag and apply it to all the occurrences of that tag. So less code means faster download times.

Easy maintenance − To make a global change, simply change the style, and all elements in all the web pages will be updated automatically.

Superior styles to HTML − CSS has a much wider array of attributes than HTML, so you can give a far better look to your HTML page in comparison to HTML attributes.

Multiple Device Compatibility − Style sheets allow content to be optimized for more than one type of device. By using the same HTML document, different versions of a website can be presented for handheld devices such as PDAs and cell phones or for printing.

Global web standards − Now HTML attributes are being deprecated and it is being recommended to use CSS. So it's a good idea to start using CSS in all the HTML pages to make them compatible with future browsers.

One of the primary advantages of CSS is that it allows developers to separate content from its presentation layer. CSS changes the traditional method of setting style and layout on each individual web page by allowing CSS designers to use a single file to control the style and layout of multiple web pages on the same website.

It is the job of CSS to define the styles of the HTML document. So with CSS, you have much better control over the layout of your web pages. You can specify exactly how big the font will be, exactly where an element will be on a page, what the page will look like when printed, and much more.

CSS is easy to learn and understand but it provides powerful control over the presentation of an HTML document. Most commonly, CSS is combined with the markup languages HTML or XHTML.

The main goal (as a method sheet language) was to separate document content from document presentation, which incorporates style elements, like colour, layout, and fonts. CSS handles the design and feels like a part of an internet page. Using CSS, you will control the colour of the text, the design of fonts, the spacing between paragraphs, how columns are sized and laid out, etc.

Blazor | Free and Open-Source Web Framework

Blazor is a Single Page Application development framework. The name Blazor is a combination/mutation of the words Browser and Razor (the .NET HTML view generating engine). The implication is that instead of having to execute Razor views on the server in order to present HTML to the browser, Blazor is capable of executing these views on the client.

Blazor lets you build interactive web UIs using C# instead of JavaScript. Blazor apps are composed of reusable web UI components implemented using C#, HTML, and CSS. Both client and server code is written in C#, allowing you to share code and libraries. Blazor is a feature of ASP.NET, the popular web development framework that extends the .NET developer platform with tools and libraries for building web apps.

Blazor uses open web standards without plugins or code transpilation. Blazor works in all modern web browsers, including mobile browsers.

Code running in the browser executes in the same security sandbox as JavaScript frameworks. Blazor code executing on the server has the flexibility to do anything you would normally do on the server, such as connecting directly to a database.

Why should we use Blazor?

There are couple of strong reasons, which indicate why we should use Blazor: 
1. WebAssembly is supported by all major browsers
2. Use C# for interactive web applications
3. Reuse existing libraries
4. Performance is near native
5. Tooling and debugging

Blazor WebAssembly:

Blazor WebAssembly runs on the client in the browser . It downloads everything that it needs to the browser including HTML, CSS, maybe some JavaScript, and possibly images. It also downloads the assemblies that make up the application, and it even downloads the complete .NET runtime that is converted into WebAssembly bytecode. All of this runs completely on WebAssembly, which is a part of all major web browsers, including mobile browsers. This type of Blazor application doesn't need a connection to a server. It just needs to load into the browser, and that's it. A Blazor WebAssembly app consists out of static files, so you don't need a full-fledged server to get this to the browser. You could host the static files on a content delivery network, or CDN, which is relatively cheap and is globally performant. You can also host it on a server in the cloud, in your own data center, or anywhere else. 


Near-Native Performance, runing your app on webassemble is fast. 
App can work completely offline.
No Server Needed, you do not have to maintain the server and keep architecture simple. it require resource processing at client device
No Plugin required, WebAssembly is native part of all major browsers. it takes all static files into browser 
Run in all Modern Browsers 

Blazor Server:

Blazor Server is a server-side Blazor app. App runs inside an ASP.NET website that runs on the .NET runtime. This website then serves the Blazor website and loads Blazor through a WebSocket connection that it uses through SignalR. Using this, UI updates are streamed from the server in real time. This sounds complicated, but you don't have to do anything special to make this work. This all comes out of the box.


Less downloading and loads fast.
Complete ASP.NET Framework.
WebAssembly not needed.
Server Side Keys or Secrets are Safe to use.


Bootstrap is the most popular CSS framework for developing responsive and mobile-first websites.

Bootstrap is a giant collection of handy, reusable bits of code written in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. It’s also a front-end development framework that enables developers & designers to build fully responsive websites quickly.

Bootstrap saves you from writing lots of CSS code, giving you more time to spend on designing web pages.

Why Use Bootstrap?

Advantages of Bootstrap:

Easy to use: Anybody with just basic knowledge of HTML and CSS can start using Bootstrap
Responsive features: Bootstrap's responsive CSS adjusts to phones, tablets, and desktops
Mobile-first approach: In Bootstrap 3, mobile-first styles are part of the core framework
Browser compatibility: Bootstrap is compatible with all modern browsers (Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, Edge, Safari, and Opera)
Bootstrap contains a variety of design templates. These design templates are based on and work with the following:

CSSLess (version 3)
Sass (version 4)
Extensions (Optional)

Appealing Features of Bootstrap
Bootstrap has a lot of features. These features not only make it stand out, but they also make it more popular even among those web designers who like to take things in a very conventional way.

1. Easy to Begin With
It is pretty easy, to begin with. Being easy to get started with is probably the first quality that makes Bootstrap very appealing.

2. LESS as Well as CSS Files
Bootstrap not only offers fewer files but also includes the old CSS files.

3. Easily Customizable
Despite the fact that Bootstrap is designed in responsive 12-column grids, layouts, and components, it is also straightforward to customize. Whether you need a fixed grid or a responsive one, it can be made possible by making a few changes. Offsetting and nesting columns are also easy to do in both CPU-based and mobile-based browser grids.

4. Responsive Utility Classes
Another prominent feature of Bootstrap is its responsive utility classes. Using responsive utility classes, a particular piece of content can be made to appear or hide only on devices depending on the size of the screen being used. This feature is extremely helpful for designers who want to make a mobile and tablet-friendly version of their websites.

5. Components of Bootstrap
Some of the components that come pre-styled in Bootstrap are:

  1. Drop-downs

  2. Button

  3. Navigation

  4. Badges Alerts

  5. Progress Bar

6. Drop-Down Component Menu
The drop-down component menu is a responsive additive feature of a website. To include it in a website, a lot of different plugins, mostly Java-based, are tested. But, via Bootstrap and its easy customising options, this can easily be done in a matter of minutes.

7. Bootstrap Templates
The readily available templates make it easier for inexperienced users to create a website following a simple tutorial or demo available on Bootstrap.

About XML

XML stands for Extensible Markup Language. It is a text-based markup language derived from Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML).

XML tags identify the data and are used to store and organize the data, rather than specifying how to display it like HTML tags, which are used to display the data. XML will not replace HTML in the near future, but it introduces new possibilities by adopting many successful features of HTML.

There are three important characteristics of XML that make it useful in a variety of systems and solutions −

XML is extensible − XML allows you to create your own self-descriptive tags, or language, that suits your application.
XML carries the data, but does not present it − XML allows you to store the data irrespective of how it will be given.
XML is a public standard − XML was developed by an organization called the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) and is available as an open standard.

XML Usage:
A shortlist of XML usage says it all −

   1.XML can work behind the scene to simplify the creation of HTML documents for large websites. 
   2.XML can be used to exchange information between organizations and systems.     
   3. XML can be used to store and arrange the data, which can customize your data handling needs. 
   4.XML can easily be merged with style sheets to create almost any desired output.   
   5.XML can be used for offloading and reloading databases.         
   6. Virtually, any data can be expressed as an XML document.

Platform Independent and Language-Independent: The main benefit of XML is that you can use it to take data from a program like Microsoft SQL, convert it into XML then share that XML with other programs and platforms. You can communicate between two platforms which are generally very difficult.

The main thing which makes XML truly powerful is its international acceptance. Many corporations use XML interfaces for databases, programming, office application mobile phones, and more. It is due to its platform-independent feature.

Azure Web Service

Azure App Service enables you to build and host web apps, mobile back ends, and RESTful APIs in the programming language of your choice without managing infrastructure. It offers auto-scaling and high availability, supports both Windows and Linux, and enables automated deployments from GitHub, Azure DevOps, or any Git repo.

Azure App Service Environment
-> Business-critical apps often require highly scalable, isolated, and dedicated environments
-> To accommodate this requirement, you can use the Azure App Service Environment
-> Azure App Service Environment can be used to host web apps, mobile apps, and API apps that require highly scalable computing resources, isolation, and direct virtual network connectivity.

Azure App Service is a fully managed "Platform as a Service" (PaaS) that integrates Microsoft Azure Websites, Mobile Services, and BizTalk Services into a single service, adding new capabilities that enable integration with on-premises or cloud systems. Azure App Service gives users several capabilities

Provision and deploy Web and Mobile Apps in seconds
Build engaging iOS, Android, and Windows apps
Automate business processes with a visual design experience
Integrate with "Software as a Service" (SaaS) applications (Office 365, Salesforce, Dynamics, OneDrive, Box, Dropbox, Twilio, Twitter, Facebook, Marketo, and so on) and on-premises applications

Benefits of ASP.NET Core to Develop Web Applications

What is core? 

Asp.Net Core is a cross-platform, open-source framework for the development of internet-connected, cloud-based modern web applications. Through the core framework, it is quite possible to create more effective web apps and also services along with mobile app backends and even IoT apps. In simpler terms, it is a significant redesign of the ASP.NET framework. core comes with benefits like improved performance, tighter security, lesser coding, and so on.

benefits of Asp.Net core:

In order to reduce the higher costs as well as create a custom web application with required features at the same time, Microsoft released its most leading framework is known as ASP.NET. ASP.NET core is developed in such a way that, it could be integrated seamlessly with various client-side frameworks that include Bootstrap, ReactJS & AngularJS. 

ASP.NET Core provides the following benefits:

1. Improved and High Performance with Cross-Platform support
The most obvious and important benefit of the ASP.NET Core framework is its high performance with the new enhancements as well as upgrades, the code actually gets much more optimized which results in improved performance. With core's cross-platform feature we can create applications and deploy them to different platforms like Windows, Linux, and macOS.

ASP.NET Core allows developers to utilize new technologies like Docker, Kubernetes, and other technologies. Microsoft Azure even has support for deploying your application to containers and Kubernetes which is a great option.

2. Asynchronous support using async or await
ASP.NET has excellent support for utilizing asynchronous programming patterns. Async is now implemented in all common .NET Framework classes and most third-party libraries. Most modern applications spend most of their time and CPU cycles waiting for database queries, web service calls, and other I/O operations to complete so one of the reasons ASP.NET Core is faster is its extensive use of asynchronous patterns within the new MVC frameworks.

3. Support Cross-platform
When it comes down to web application development, it is essential to ensure that the application actually supports all of the platforms. The latest ASP.NET Core is actually cross-platform that allows you to easily create web applications that run on Windows, Linux, and Mac. In much simpler terms, the entire backend will be using the same C# code. For instance, utilizing Xamarin, a business can easily create an iOS app and then eventually use the same given code for creating an Android app too. You can hire a dot net developer who can utilize this cross-platform feature.

4. Lesser Code
The latest technologies actually demand less coding and high performance means that the developers can easily optimize the code structure by means of writing much lesser statements of code. So if coding is less, fewer amount hours are required in order to create an application that makes ASP.NET Core much more cost-effective and also developers' favourite.

5. Unified MVC & Web API frameworks
Before ASP.NET Core, developers were most commonly using the MVC and Web API frameworks. MVC was tailored to creating web applications that served up HTML. Web API was designed to create RESTful services using JSON or XML patterns.

With ASP.NET Core, MVC and Web API have been merged together. There was always a lot of overlap between the two frameworks. MVC could always return JSON data instead of HTML. Combining them was a good move and simplifies the development process.

With ASP.NET Core we also have the new Razor Pages. They extend the MVC framework to allow encapsulating the controller and model aspects of a page together with two-way binding and it also reduces code lines and easier to understand. These new razor pages are a replacement for WebForms while using the familiar Razor syntax.

6. Easy Maintenance
Whenever there is less code, it becomes much easier to maintain automatically. While it might not actually be easier for any new developer to easily understand this pattern, a much-experienced developer needs to know how to actually optimize the entire code in ASP.NET core with lesser statements. It essentially means that it not only takes a lesser amount of code to create a web application but it is quite easier to effectively manage and maintain it. It improves the quality of Microsoft app development.

7. Cloud-Based Web Application Development Support
In case anyone has a business then it's a very better option to create a cloud-based application in the current modern era. The major reason for this particular thing is that the ASP.NET Core actually offers different types of web app development as well as mobile backend along with IoT application development. This means ASP.NET Core is the best solution for the business requirements of the current times. Also, ASP.NET Core can easily help in developing great and cross-platform web applications.

8. Multiple environments support
This new environment feature allows you to easily differentiate parts of your code for their behaviour in development, staging, production, etc. For example, it is used within your Startup.cs file to help configure your application. In this case, whether or not we want to show a more detailed exception page for development only.

Multiple environments are useful for using different CSS or Javascript files like Use your CDN in production, but local files during development.

9. Dependency Injection
This feature of ASP.NET Core is built-in dependency injection. It is heavily used within ASP.NET MVC itself. It is the preferred way that things like logging contexts, database contexts, and other things are passed into your MVC controllers.

DI frameworks provide IoC containers that allow developers to offload control of this process to the framework. This lets us decouple our modules from their concrete dependencies, improving the testability and extensibility of our applications.

ASP.NET Core is a very interesting technology to create a cross-platform and robust web application. Since most businesses look for different ways to develop an app fast and even launch it in the entire market sooner than possible, ASP.NET Core development is considered to be the best way to do this.

Introduction to .Net 6

.NET 6 offers “massive” gains in performance as well as native support for Apple Silicon and improved support for Arm64, a bulletin on the production release said.

.NET 6 is:

Production stress-tested with Microsoft services, cloud apps run by other companies, and open source projects.
Supported for three years as the latest long term support (LTS) release.

Unified platform across browser, cloud, desktop, IoT, and mobile apps, all using the same .NET Libraries and the ability to share code easily.

Performance is greatly improved across the board and for file I/O in particular, which together result in decreased execution time, latency, and memory use.

C# 10 offers language improvements such as record structs, implicit using, and new lambda capabilities, while the compiler adds incremental source generators. F# 6 adds new features including Task based async, pipeline debugging and numerous performance improvements.

Visual Basic has improvements in the Visual Studio experience and for Windows Forms project open experience.

Hot Reload enables you to skip rebuilding and restarting your app to view a new change — while your app is running — supported in Visual Studio 2022 and from the .NET CLI, for C# and Visual Basic.

Cloud diagnostics have been improved with OpenTelemetry and dotnet monitor, which is now supported in production and available with Azure App Service.

JSON APIs are more capable and have higher performance with a source generator for the serializer.

Minimal APIs introduced in ASP.NET Core to simplify the getting started experience and improve the performance of HTTP services.

Blazor components can now be rendered from JavaScript and integrated with existing JavaScript based apps.

WebAssembly AOT compilation for Blazor WebAssembly (Wasm) apps, as well as support for runtime relinking and native dependencies.

Single-page apps built with ASP.NET Core now use a more flexible pattern that can be used with Angular, React, and other popular frontend JavaScript frameworks.

HTTP/3 has been added so that ASP.NET Core, HttpClient, and gRPC can all interact with HTTP/3 clients and servers.

File IO now has support for symbolic links and has greatly improved performance with a re-written-from-scratch FileStream.

Security has been improved with support for OpenSSL 3, the ChaCha20Poly1305 encryption scheme, and runtime defense-in-depth mitigations, specifically W^X and CET.

Single-file apps (extraction-free) can be published for Linux, macOS, and Windows (previously only Linux).

IL trimming is now more capable and effective, with new warnings and analyzers to ensure correct final results.

Source generators and analyzers have been added that help you produce better, safer, and higher performance code.

Source build enables organizations like Red Hat to build .NET from source and offer their own builds to their users.